Stem Cells

A Discussion About Ovarian Failure and The Use of Stem Cells

I think it is safe to say that all women want to conceive and have their own child. The thought of having their very own offspring delights many women and they want to make this as their life’s mission.

As women age, however, they are inching towards menopause which is a condition where girls end the reproductive stage of their lives. This is due to their ovaries not being able to produce eggs anymore and that their menstruation stops, thus resulting in a woman not being fertile and fit to have a baby.

Although this situation seems dire, menopause is actually quite common and all women reach that stage of their lives at some point- usually at the age of 40 and above.

However, there are some cases where women experience this menopausal stage at a much earlier age; a phenomenon called Premature Ovarian Failure.

This can be quite concerning, especially since couples nowadays hold off having a baby until their thirties. When this happens, this can be a major cause of depression for women unable to conceive due to this medical condition.

And, that problem is compounded by the fact that, to this day, there are still no known treatments to reverse the effect or to restore the woman’s ability to have a baby of their own.

A Renewed Hope

As optimistic people would put it, “there is always Hope!”. Scientists are looking for ways to somehow treat premature ovarian failure so that women at the age of thirties (and sometimes even the late twenties) can still bear a child and be fertile again.

One promising research, albeit requires further study and testing, has produced surprising and remarkable results. In the study, scientists have found a way to restore some rats’ ability to produce their offspring.

The study involved sixty rats that were divided into four groups. Group one is the control group which consists of healthy female rats. The other three groups were injected by a substance that can induce premature ovarian failures.

The second group was given some stem cells, the third group received a saline solution, and the fourth group received no treatment at all.

Of all of the groups of rats that were tested, the second group was able to restore their fertility and thus, they were able to conceive some babies!

The other groups, unsurprisingly, still suffered premature ovarian failure. Although this study was conducted on rats, it is still an interesting notion that if scientists were able to restore the rats’ ability to bear an offspring again, that this, too, is a possibility for humans.

Further research and testing are required, but given that it is something possible, there is hope for women who have suffered this ill condition.

In conclusion, the rats that received the stem cells are still under further observation to see if the rats that they were able to conceive turn out to be healthy offsprings. And if they do, scientists will now turn their attention on human trials.

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